There are twelve independent countries and two small territories within South America. The largest country in South America is Brazil, as you can see on our free, printable map. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. The capital city of Brazil is Brasilia. Did you know that more than 30% of South America is covered by rainforests? The largest rainforest is the Amazon forest. Download and print this high quality map and use it for personal needs or in the classroom!